A multi-dimensional measure to assess populist attitudes in the public in eight languages


Wirth, Werner ; Schemer, Christian ; Schulz, Anne ; Wettstein, Martin ; Wirz, Dominique S. ; Müller, Philipp



URL: https://www.freiheit.org/sites/default/files/uploa...
Additional URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/318263990...
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2017
The title of a journal, publication series: NCCR Democracy Working Paper
Volume: 87
Place of publication: Zürich
Publishing house: National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR)
Edition: Version February 2017
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Humanities > Institut für Medien- u. Kommunikationswissenschaft
Subject: 070 News media, journalism, publishing
Abstract: Research on populism has primarily traced the phenomenon within party manifestoes or mass media content. Research on its manifestation within people’s heads has played a minor role. Yet, as populist parties are undoubtedly on the rise it seems of high importance to investigate on political attitudes that can be related to voting for these parties. The few studies that have to date endeavored to measure populist attitudes in the public have treated the concept as a unidimensional construct (e.g., Akkerman, Mudde & Zaslove, 2013). However, theoretically, populism has been defined as a political ideology set together by three different political ideas or sub-dimensions: anti-elitism attitudes, a preference for popular sovereignty, and a belief in the homogeneous and virtuous of the people. Hence, in order to trace the complete phenomenon, we propose to conceptualize populist attitudes as a latent higher-order construct with three distinct first-order dimensions. Following this approach we developed a 9- and a 12-item inventory (PopAtt9 and PopAtt12) to measure populist attitudes. Construct validity of the measure was demonstrated by both, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis (cf. Schulz, et al. 2016). For the 9-item inventory, each sub-dimension of populist attitudes is represented by 3 indicator-items, for the 12-item inventory each sub-dimension is represented by 4 indicator-items. The authors recommend using the 12-item inventory. However, if space is restricted, the short version can be employed. This working paper documents the respective 9- and 12-item scales in eight languages. Available languages are English, Bulgarian, Dutch, German, French, Italian, Polish, Swedish.

Dieser Datensatz wurde nicht während einer Tätigkeit an der Universität Mannheim veröffentlicht, dies ist eine Externe Publikation.




+ Citation Example and Export

Wirth, Werner ; Schemer, Christian ; Schulz, Anne ; Wettstein, Martin ; Wirz, Dominique S. ; Müller, Philipp ORCID: 0000-0002-5351-0608 (2017) A multi-dimensional measure to assess populist attitudes in the public in eight languages. NCCR Democracy Working Paper Zürich 87 [Working paper]


+ Search Authors in

+ Page Views

Hits per month over past year

Detailed information



You have found an error? Please let us know about your desired correction here: E-Mail


Actions (login required)

Show item Show item