What drives ethnic homophily? A relational approach on how ethnic identification moderates preferences for same-ethnic friends

Leszczensky, Lars ; Pink, Sebastian

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0003122419846849
URL: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0003...
Additional URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/332995828...
Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2019
The title of a journal, publication series: American Sociological Review : ASR
Volume: 84
Issue number: 3
Page range: 394-419
Place of publication: Thousand Oaks, CA
Publishing house: Sage
ISSN: 0003-1224
Publication language: English
Institution: Außerfakultäre Einrichtungen > Mannheim Centre for European Social Research - Research Department A
Subject: 300 Social sciences, sociology, anthropology
Abstract: Individual preferences for same-ethnic friends contribute to persistent segregation of adolescents’ friendship networks. Yet, we know surprisingly little about the mechanisms behind ethnic homophily. Prior research suggests that ethnic homophily is ubiquitous, but a social identity perspective indicates that strong ingroup identification drives ingroup favoritism. Combining a social identity perspective with a relational approach, we ask whether the presumed increased homophily of high identifiers extends to all ingroup members, or whether it is conditional on the strength of same-ethnics’ identification. We propose that the strength of ethnic identification affects not only how much individuals desire same-ethnic friends, but also how attractive they are as potential friends to others. Fitting stochastic actor-oriented models to German adolescent school-based network panel data, we find that ethnic homophily is driven by an interplay of peers’ ethnic identification: high identifiers befriend same-ethnic peers who share their strong ethnic identification, while excluding same-ethnic low identifiers. Low identifiers, in turn, tend to avoid befriending inter-ethnic high identifiers. Our relational approach reveals that ethnic homophily is hardly ubiquitous but requires strong identification of both parties of a (potential) friendship.

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.

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