Using day and night - scheduling retrieval practice and sleep

Kroneisen, Meike ; Küpper-Tetzel, Carolina E.

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Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2021
The title of a journal, publication series: Psychology Learning & Teaching
Volume: 20
Issue number: 1
Page range: 40-57
Place of publication: London
Publishing house: Sage Publishing
ISSN: 1475-7257
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Social Sciences > Kognitive Psychologie u. Differentielle Psychologie (Erdfelder)
Subject: 150 Psychology
Keywords (English): Sleep , retrieval practice , forgetting , memory consolidation
Abstract: Sleep right after studying new material is more conducive to memory than a period of wakefulness. Another way to counteract forgetting is to practice retrieval: taking a test strengthens memory more effectively than restudying the material. The current work aims at investigating the interaction between sleep and testing by asking if testing adds to, neutralizes, or decreases the effect of sleep on memory? We tested this in one pilot and one experiment by manipulating the timing of the practice test as well as whether practice was followed by sleep or wakefulness when learning foreign language vocabulary. Taking a delayed practice test significantly reduces forgetting for both the sleep and the wakefulness group. An immediate practice test, in contrast, had no such effect; here we find the standard beneficial sleep effect. However, the immediate practice test leads to higher recall in the final test in comparison to a delayed practice test, but only for the sleep group. Practical recommendations imply two things: first, if students study in the evening, they should test themselves immediately after learning. Second, if students study during the day the practice test should be delayed in order to reinforce memory and reduce forgetting of the material.
Additional information: Online-Ressource

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.

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