The role of ethnic origin and situational information in teachers' reactions to social exclusion among students

Beißert, Hanna ; Staat, Miriam ; Bonefeld, Meike

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URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-606252
Document Type: Article
Year of publication Online: 2021
The title of a journal, publication series: Social Psychology of Education
Volume: tba
Issue number: tba
Page range: tba
Place of publication: Dordrecht [u.a.]
Publishing house: Springer Science + Business Media
ISSN: 1381-2890 , 1573-1928
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Social Sciences > Unterrichtsqualität in heterogenen Kontexten (Juniorprofessur) (Karst 2016-)
Pre-existing license: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Subject: 150 Psychology
Keywords (English): social exclusion , interethnic exclusion , teacher reactions , teacher evaluations , intergroup processes , situational influences
Abstract: The current study investigated pre- and in-Service teachers' reactions to interethnic exclusion in Germany. Using hypothetical scenarios, we examined a sample of 482 teachers (84 males, 398 females; 59% pre-service teachers, 41% in-service teachers) as observers of exclusion among students. In these scenarios, we varied the ethnic origin of the excluded student (German vs. Turkish) and the background information, providing participants either with no additional background information or with information specifying that the excluded student had shown prior norm-violating behavior (insult of another student). We assessed the teachers’ evaluations of the scenarios and their anticipated reactions. The aim of the study was to replicate and extend previous research on teachers’ reactions to social exclusion. As expected, the analyses revealed a strong effect of the background information on teachers’ evaluations and reactions. The teachers evaluated exclusion as much more acceptable and were less likely to intervene in the scenarios with negative background information compared to those without additional information. Teachers seem to view exclusion in these situations as an understandable consequence of norm-violating behavior. However, in contrast to our expectations, the ethnic origin of the excluded student in the scenarios had no impact on teachers’ reactions. That is, situational information seems to be much more important for teachers’ reactions to social exclusion than the ethnic origin of an excluded student.
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ORCID: Beißert, Hanna ; Staat, Miriam ; Bonefeld, Meike ORCID: 0000-0003-1940-2301

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