When labour and capital collude: The varieties of welfare capitalism and early retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA

Ebbinghaus, Bernhard

URL: https://ces.fas.harvard.edu/publications/000093-wh...
Additional URL: https://pure.mpg.de/pubman/faces/ViewItemFullPage....
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2000
The title of a journal, publication series: CES working paper / Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies at Harvard University
Volume: 00.4
Place of publication: Cambridge, MA
Publishing house: Center for European Studies, Harvard University
Related URLs:
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Social Sciences > Soziologie III, Makrosoziologie (Ebbinghaus 2004-2016)
Subject: 300 Social sciences, sociology, anthropology
320 Political science
Abstract: The institutionalisation of early retirement has become a universal feature of postwar industrial economies, though there are significant cross-nationa l variations. This paper studies the impact of different types of welfare regimes, production systems and labour relations on early exit from work. After an analysis of the main trends, the paper discusses the costs and benefits of early retirement for the various actors — labour, capital and the state — at different levels. The paper outlines both the "pull” and "push” factors of early exit. It first compares the distinct welfare state regimes and private occupational pensions in their impact on early retirement. Then it looks at the labour-shedding strategies inherent to particular employment regimes, production systems and financ ial governance structures. Finally, the impact of particular industrial relations systems, and especially the role of unions is discussed. The paper finds intricate "institutional complementarities” between pa rticular welfare states, production regimes and industrial relations systems, and these structure the incentives under which actors make decisions on work and retirement. The paper argues that the "collusion ” between capital, labour and the state in pursuing early retirement is not merely following a labour-s hedding strategy to ease mass unemployment, but also caused by the need for economic restructuration, the downsizing pressures from financial markets, the maintenance of peaceful labour relations, and the consequences of a seniority employment system.

Dieser Datensatz wurde nicht während einer Tätigkeit an der Universität Mannheim veröffentlicht, dies ist eine Externe Publikation.

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