The politics hurdle: Joint effect of organizational culture and gender on lack of fit experiences

Salwender, Mona ; Schoel, Christiane ; Bless, Herbert ; Stahlberg, Dagmar

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URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-622203
Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2023
The title of a journal, publication series: Social Psychological and Personality Science : SPPS
Volume: 14
Issue number: 1
Page range: 84-92
Place of publication: Thousand Oaks, Calif.
Publishing house: Sage
ISSN: 1948-5506 , 1948-5514
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Social Sciences > Mikrosoziologie u. Sozialpsychologie (Bless 1999-)
School of Social Sciences > Sozialpsychologie (Stahlberg 1996-2022)
Pre-existing license: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Subject: 300 Social sciences, sociology, anthropology
Abstract: We propose that an organizational culture where playing politics is important for advancement, compared with an organizational culture where showing competencies is important, elicits stronger lack of fit experiences for women than for men. In a pre- study, playing politics was perceived as dominant, typically male work behaviors, whereas showing competencies was perceived as competent, typically female work behaviors. We then tested in two experiments (689 individuals, integrated in a small-scale meta-analysis) the joint effect of organizational culture and gender on four lack of fit indicators (self-concept conflict, fear of backlash, intention to seek power positions, concerns about one’s skills). As expected, women indicated more lack of fit experi- ences than men in politics cultures, but not in competencies cultures. Our findings suggest that perceived organizational culture may play an important role in understanding the dynamics of career advancement of women and men.

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