The Impact of Training on Earnings - Differences Between Participant Groups and Training Forms

Kuckulenz, Anja ; Zwick, Thomas

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URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-1428
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2003
Publication language: English
Institution: Sonstige Einrichtungen > ZEW - Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen des ZEW (Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) > ZEW Discussion Papers
Subject: 330 Economics
Classification: JEL: J31 C31 J24 ,
Subject headings (SWD): Weiterbildung , Lohn
Abstract: While there is a broad literature on the general wage e.ect of training, little is known about the e.ects of di.erent training forms and about the e.ects for heterogeneous training participants. This study therefore adds two aspects to the literature on earnings e.ects of training. First, the earnings e.ect of training is calculated for different types of employees, i.e. discriminating between qualification level, experience, job tenure, and other attributes. Second, we distinguish between the earnings impact of external and internal training. For our analysis, we use the Qualification and Career survey, a rich German data set with information on 0.1 percent of all individuals employed in Germany in 1998/1999. We use a one-step full-information maximum likelihood and a two stage least squares estimation to regress the impact of training participation on earnings correcting for the endogeneity of training participation. By using a broad list of employee and employer characteristics, we try to avoid omitted variable bias. We find the training earnings markup to be positively correlated with qualification and experience. The analysis of internal and external training reveals that this result is driven by external training only. Internal training does not have a significant earnings e.ect. The correction for selection into training leads to an increase in the training coe.cients and a decrease of its significance.
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