CO2 emission reduction in freight transports : how to stimulate environmental friendly behaviour?


Bühler, Georg ; Jochem, Patrick


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URL: http://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/2098
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-20989
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2008
Publication language: English
Institution: Sonstige Einrichtungen > ZEW - Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen des ZEW (Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) > ZEW Discussion Papers
Subject: 330 Economics
Classification: JEL: C53 Q54 R48 ,
Subject headings (SWD): Deutschland , Klimaschutz , Güterverkehr , Verkehrspolitik , Umweltverträglichkeit , Wirtschaftspolitik , Wirkungsanalyse
Keywords (English): Freight Transports , CO2 Emissions , Mode Shift , Combined Transport
Abstract: In the European Union (EU) and in Germany the transport sector is the only sector with increasing CO2 emissions (in the EU by about 32 % and in Germany by about 1 % since 1990). Especially in road freight and air transport a further strong increase is forecasted. In the transport sector this might be impeded by avoiding transport (accepting a lower economic growth), shifting modes or in optimizing logistics. Especially the second is mentioned to be an adequate solution to meet the increasing demand for transportation and reducing CO2 emissions simulatneously. It is often stated, that combined transport (mainly truck-train-truck) might be a very CO2 efficient mode. In this article a Logit-Model (based on a survey of 500 German forwarders) is used to determine mode shift potentials of hauliers. The main factors of influence depending on the service provision of the transport modes are frequency of combined transport services, speed, and costs. For an estimation of the corresponding impact on the mode shift and thus potentials of CO2 emission reductions two policy instruments are empirically tested: a further increase of the performance-based heavy vehicle fee (LSVA-Maut) and a hypothetical speeding up of the average speed in freight rail transport to 80 km per hour. Although the modal shift is rather high in the last policy simulation, the impact on CO2 emissions is still small.
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Das Dokument wird vom Publikationsserver der Universitätsbibliothek Mannheim bereitgestellt.




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Bühler, Georg ; Jochem, Patrick (2008) CO2 emission reduction in freight transports : how to stimulate environmental friendly behaviour? Open Access [Working paper]
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