Scalability Transformations on Declarative Applications

Böhm, Alexander ; Kanne, Carl-Christian

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URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-23276
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2009
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Business Informatics and Mathematics > Sonstige - Fakultät für Wirtschaftsinformatik und Wirtschaftsmathematik
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen der Fakultät für Mathematik und Informatik > Institut für Informatik > Technical Reports
Subject: 004 Computer science, internet
Classification: CCS: DATABASE M ,
Subject headings (SWD): Web Services , Verteiltes System , Datenbanksystem , XML , Compiler
Keywords (English): scalability , declarative , distributed , XML , queues
Abstract: Many current distributed applications are based on the exchange of XML messages. Scaling such applications to the high processing volume demanded by Internet-scale deployment typically requires costly redesign and coding. In this paper, we investigate how a declarative specification of such applications can simplify the task of deploying them on a large number of host machines. In our model, applications are represented as a graph of message queues connected by message flow rules. The state of application instances is encoded in the message history of the queues and accessed using XQuery expressions. We show how to split such an application into distributable fragments using graph partitioning and discuss different algorithms for placing the fragments on hosts. Typically, an initial application specification contains data dependencies that place an upper limit on the number of fragments, and hence the number of usable machines. We describe transformations that increase the number of possible fragments by converting data dependencies into message flow. An evaluation using the TPC-App benchmark and a runtime system prototype confirms the feasibility and performance benefits of this approach.
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