Why tender offers should be financed with debt

Müller, Holger M.

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URL: https://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/2861
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-28616
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 1998
The title of a journal, publication series: Rationalitätskonzepte, Entscheidungsverhalten und ökonomische Modellierung
Volume: 98-59
Place of publication: Mannheim
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Law and Economics > Sonstige - Fakultät für Rechtswissenschaft und Volkswirtschaftslehre
MADOC publication series: Sonderforschungsbereich 504 > Rationalitätskonzepte, Entscheidungsverhalten und ökonomische Modellierung (Laufzeit 1997 - 2008)
Subject: 330 Economics
Classification: JEL: G34 G32 ,
Subject headings (SWD): Übernahme , Finanzierung , Fremdkapital , Spieltheorie , Trittbrettfahrerverhalten , Kapitalstruktur
Keywords (English): Tender offer , leverage , free-rider problem
Abstract: This paper considers the choice of tender offer financing in the presence of atomistic shareholders. If the tender offer is financed with debt, the raider can extract at least part of the gains from future value improvements as the additional leverage introduced into the merged firm reduces the posttakeover share value and therefore the incentives for target shareholders to hold on to their shares. In contrast, if the tender offer is financed with equity, any gains from future value improvements must be passed to the target shareholders. The paper further considers the optimal choice of capital structure by the target management in response to a concrete takeover threat. It is shown that an increase in leverage raises the bid premium but reduces the probability that the takeover succeeds as it limits the raider's ability to borrow against the target's existing assets.
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