The economics and politics of women's rights


Doepke, Matthias ; Tertilt, Michèle ; Voena, Alessandra


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URL: https://madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/29641
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-296414
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2011
The title of a journal, publication series: Working Paper Series
Volume: 11-3
Place of publication: Mannheim
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Law and Economics > VWL, Makro- u. Entwicklungsökonomie (Tertilt 2010-)
MADOC publication series: Department of Economics > Working Paper Series
Subject: 330 Economics
Abstract: Women’s rights and economic development are highly correlated. Today, the discrepancy between the legal rights of women and men is much larger in developing compared to developed countries. Historically, even in countries that are now rich women had few rights before economic development took off. Is development the cause of expanding women’s rights, or conversely, do women’s rights facilitate development? We argue that there is truth to both hypotheses. The literature on the economic consequences of women’s rights documents that more rights for women lead to more spending on health and children, which should benefit development. The politicaleconomy literature on the evolution of women’s rights finds that technological change increased the costs of patriarchy for men, and thus contributed to expanding women’s rights. Combining these perspectives, we discuss the theory of Doepke and Tertilt (2009), where an increase in the return to human capital induces men to vote for women’s rights, which in turn promotes growth in human capital and income per capita.

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Doepke, Matthias ; Tertilt, Michèle ; Voena, Alessandra (2011) The economics and politics of women's rights. Open Access Working Paper Series Mannheim 11-3 [Working paper]
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