Entrepreneurs from low-skilled immigrant groups in knowledge-intensive industries : company characteristics, survival and innovative performance


Müller, Elisabeth


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URL: https://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/3181
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-31818
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2011
Publication language: English
Institution: Sonstige Einrichtungen > ZEW - Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen des ZEW (Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) > ZEW Discussion Papers
Subject: 330 Economics
Classification: JEL: O32 O34 M13 J15 ,
Subject headings (SWD): Deutschland , Unternehmer , Einwanderer , Unternehmensgründung , Wissensintensives Unternehmen , Unternehmensentwicklung , Patent
Keywords (English): immigrants , innovation , entrepreneurship , knowledge-intensive industries
Abstract: This paper analyzes how companies of immigrant entrepreneurs in knowledgeintensive industries differ from companies of native entrepreneurs with respect to start-up characteristics, firm survival and innovative performance. I focus on immigrants from the “recruitment countries” of south and southeast Europe, who arrived in Germany mainly in the 1970s to fill labor shortages. They are the largest immigrant group in Germany and can be reliably identified via ethnic name coding. Immigrant entrepreneurs are less than half as likely to found a company in a knowledge-intensive industry as native entrepreneurs. Firms owned exclusively by immigrants tend to be smaller and have higher exit rates. After controlling for resources, I found no differences in patenting activity compared to firms owned exclusively by natives. Firms in mixed immigrant/native ownership have no size disadvantage. In that group, exit rates are higher in services but not in manufacturing, and, again, there are no differences in patenting when resources are taken into account. The lower participation of immigrant entrepreneurs in knowledge-intensive industries can be explained by lower education levels, while smaller firm sizes suggest more limited access to capital.
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Das Dokument wird vom Publikationsserver der Universitätsbibliothek Mannheim bereitgestellt.




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Müller, Elisabeth (2011) Entrepreneurs from low-skilled immigrant groups in knowledge-intensive industries : company characteristics, survival and innovative performance. Open Access [Working paper]
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