Gender Differences in College Applications: Evidence from the Centralized System in Turkey


Saygin, Perihan Ozge


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URL: https://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/32599
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-325996
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2012
The title of a journal, publication series: Working Paper Series
Volume: 12-21
Place of publication: Mannheim
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Law and Economics > VWL, Angewandte Politische Ökonomie (Weber -2015)
MADOC publication series: Department of Economics > Working Paper Series
Subject: 330 Economics
Classification: JEL: C35 , I20 , I24,
Keywords (English): gender gap , college admissions , school choice
Abstract: In Turkey, as in many other countries, female students perform better in high school and have higher test scores than males. Nevertheless, men still predominate at highly selective programs that lead to high-paying careers. The gender gap at elite schools is particularly puzzling because college admissions are based entirely on nationwide exam scores. Using detailed administrative data from the centralized college entrance system, I study the impact of gender differences in preferences for programs and schools on the allocation of students to colleges. Controlling for test score and high school attended, I find that females are more likely to apply to lower-ranking schools, whereas males set a higher bar, revealing a higher option value for re-taking the test and applying again next year. I also find that females and males value program attributes differently, with females placing more weight on the distance from home to college, and males placing more weight on program attributes that are likely to lead to better job placements. Together, these differences in willingness to be unassigned and in relative preferences for school attributes can explain much of the gender gap at the most elite programs.

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Saygin, Perihan Ozge (2012) Gender Differences in College Applications: Evidence from the Centralized System in Turkey. Open Access Working Paper Series Mannheim 12-21 [Working paper]
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