Gender Peer Effects in School, a Birth Cohort Approach


Ciccone, Antonio ; Garcia-Fontes, Walter


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URL: https://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/36847
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-368471
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2014
The title of a journal, publication series: Working Paper Series
Volume: 14-19
Place of publication: Mannheim
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Law and Economics > VWL, Makroökonomie u. Finanzmärkte (Ciccone 2013-)
MADOC publication series: Department of Economics > Working Paper Series
Subject: 330 Economics
Abstract: We propose estimating gender peer effects in school by exploiting within-school variation in gender composition across birth cohorts. Our approach differs from the existing literature, which exploits variation in gender composition at a given grade level in different years. We argue that the birth cohort approach is a useful alternative as the grade level approach generally yields spurious gender peer effects when there is grade retention. The birth cohort approach applied to primary schools in Spain indicates statistically significant positive gender peer effects of girls on boys’ academic achievement and statistically insignificant effects of girls on girls’ achievement.

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Ciccone, Antonio ; Garcia-Fontes, Walter (2014) Gender Peer Effects in School, a Birth Cohort Approach. Open Access Working Paper Series Mannheim 14-19 [Working paper]
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