The Changing Life Cycle Pattern in Female Employment: A Comparison of Germany and the UK


Fitzenberger, Bernd ; Wunderlich, Gaby


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URL: https://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/375
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-3759
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2002
The title of a journal, publication series: Discussion Paper / ZEW
Volume: 02-70
Place of publication: Mannheim
Publication language: English
Institution: Sonstige Einrichtungen > ZEW - Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen des ZEW (Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) > ZEW Discussion Papers
Subject: 330 Economics
Classification: JEL: J71 J16 J2 ,
Subject headings (SWD): Teilzeitbeschäftigung , Frau , Milieu
Abstract: It is often noted that employment rates of females have been rising during the last decades. However, in contrast to men, women are often part-time employed and the allocation of working time over the life-cycle is linked to family formation. In addition, employment rates may differ across skill groups and countries due to differences in incentives to work and in labor market attachment. This paper analyzes empirically macroeconomic trends and life-cycle profiles in full-time and part-time employment of different skill groups of women in the UK and West Germany. The analysis is based on large cross-sectional data sets for a time period of 20 years. We find that patterns of part-time and full-time employment are surprisingly different across skill groups and countries. In particular, the life-cycle patterns are such that full-time employment declines and part-time employment increases with age in both countries. Time trends do not change in a monotonous way across skill groups and they differ by country. There is almost no evidence for a positive time trend in part-time employment thus the strong increase in part-time rates in both countries can mainly be attributed to composition effects. Our findings are based on an empirical model taking the effects of time, age, and birth cohort membership simultaneously into account.
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Fitzenberger, Bernd ; Wunderlich, Gaby (2002) The Changing Life Cycle Pattern in Female Employment: A Comparison of Germany and the UK. Open Access Discussion Paper / ZEW Mannheim 02-70 [Working paper]
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