Does implicit theory of intelligence cause achievement goals? Evidence from an experimental study

Dinger, Felix C. ; Dickhäuser, Oliver

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Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2013
The title of a journal, publication series: International Journal of Educational Research : IJER
Volume: 61
Page range: 38-47
Place of publication: Amsterdam [u.a.]
Publishing house: Elsevier
ISSN: 0883-0355
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Social Sciences > Pädagogische Psychologie (Dickhäuser 2008-)
Außerfakultäre Einrichtungen > Graduate School of Economic and Social Sciences- CDSS (Social Sciences)
Subject: 150 Psychology
Keywords (English): Motivation ; Implicit theory of intelligence ; Achievement goal orientations ; richotomous model of achievement goals ; Social-cognitive model of motivation and achievement
Abstract: The reported experiment tested if individuals’ subjective belief about the malleability of intelligence causes their achievement goals. Eighty university students were randomly assigned to read one of two articles portraying intelligence as a learned vs. an innate ability (incremental condition vs. entity condition). Afterward, we assessed subjects’ implicit theory of intelligence and achievement goals. Subjects in the incremental condition recalled a significantly lower heritability of intelligence and more strongly endorsed an incremental view of intelligence than those in the entity condition. Furthermore, subjects held higher levels of mastery goals and lower levels of performance-avoidance goals in the incremental condition than in the entity condition. Finally, the effect of experimental condition on mastery goals was mediated by subjects’ implicit theory of intelligence. Findings suggest that highlighting intellectual abilities as malleable rather than fixed creates motivationally more adaptive learning environments.

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.

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ORCID: Dinger, Felix C. ; Dickhäuser, Oliver ORCID: 0000-0002-3126-8398

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