Individual differences in the workplace : Perspectives of reciprocity and fit

Gao-Urhahn, Xiaohan

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URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-391093
Document Type: Doctoral dissertation
Year of publication: 2015
Place of publication: Mannheim
University: Universität Mannheim
Evaluator: Biemann, Torsten
Date of oral examination: 3 June 2015
Publication language: English
Institution: Außerfakultäre Einrichtungen > Graduate School of Economic and Social Sciences - CDSB (Business Studies)
Business School > ABWL, Personalmanagement u. Führung (Biemann 2013-)
Subject: 650 Management
Subject headings (SWD): Locus of control , Autonomie , Längsschnittuntersuchung , Commitment <Management> , Einkommen , Gegenseitigkeit
Keywords (English): personality traits , locus of control , job characteristics , job autonomy , affective commitment , income , work attitudes , work behavior , corporate social responsibility , reciprocity , person-job fit , longitudinal
Abstract: The dissertation consists of three essays which address the perspectives of reciprocity and fit in the causal relationships between people and work. Chapter 2 focuses on the functions of individuals' personality and disentangles the reciprocity between individuals' locus of control and job autonomy in a longitudinal context. Chapter 3 draws attention to individuals' attitudes and explores the causal relations between individuals' affective commitment and income over time. With a framework of corporate social responsibility, Chapter 4 investigates the impact of firm's policy on individuals' work attitudes and behaviors based on a cross-sectional survey and a field experiment. Overall, with multiple data sources and rigorous analytical approaches, the dissertation enriches the understanding of the causality associated with individual differences in the work environment.

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