Nonparametric instrumental variable methods for dynamic treatment evaluation

Berg, Gerard J. van den ; Bonev, Petyo ; Mammen, Enno

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URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-402136
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2016
The title of a journal, publication series: Working Paper Series
Volume: 16-02
Place of publication: Mannheim
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Law and Economics > Alexander v. Humboldt Professor in Econometrics and Empirical Economics (van den Berg 2009-2016)
MADOC publication series: Department of Economics > Working Paper Series
Subject: 330 Economics
Classification: JEL: C14 , C41 , J64 , J65,
Keywords (English): hazard rate , duration variable , treatment effects , survival function , noncompliance , regression discontinuity design , unemployment , labor market policy reform , active labor market policy , unemployment benefits
Abstract: We develop a nonparametric instrumental variable approach for the estimation of average treatment effects on hazard rates and conditional survival probabilities, without model structure.We derive constructive identification proofs for average treatment effects under noncompliance and dynamic selection, exploiting instrumental variation taking place during ongoing spells. We derive asymptotic distributions of the corresponding estimators. This includes a detailed examination of noncompliance in a dynamic context. In an empirical application, we evaluate the French labor market policy reform PARE which abolished the dependence of unemployment insurance benefits on the elapsed unemployment duration and simultaneously introduced additional active labor market policy measures. The estimated effect of the reform on the survival function of the duration of unemployment duration is positive and significant. Neglecting selectivity leads to an underestimation of the effects in absolute terms.

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