On tax evasion, entrepreneurial generosity and fungible assets


Bittschi, Benjamin ; Borgloh, Sarah ; Moessinger, Marc-Daniel


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URL: https://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/40896
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-408964
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2016
The title of a journal, publication series: ZEW Discussion Papers
Volume: 16-024
Place of publication: Mannheim
Publication language: English
Institution: Sonstige Einrichtungen > ZEW - Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen des ZEW (Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) > ZEW Discussion Papers
Subject: 330 Economics
Classification: JEL: D91 , E21 , H26 , H41 , L26,
Keywords (English): Tax evasion , entrepreneurial behavior , charitable giving , income fungibility , administrative data , fixed effects poisson model
Abstract: We estimate the effects of income from various sources on charitable giving using administrative German income tax data. We demonstrate that charitable con- tributions are not uniformly affected by different income types. While business and capital income exhibit a positive effect, the remaining income sources do not in uence charity on statistically significant levels. This exercise is not new and has been conducted for (at least) three different purposes: 1) Relying on the described results, a public finance researcher would state that business and capital income are more prone to tax evasion than the remaining income sources. 2) An entrepreneurship researcher would conclude that business owners are more generous than employees, and 3) a researcher testing the validity of the life cycle theory (or its behavioral counterpart) would refute the fungibility of income. In contrast, we argue that none of these approaches can answer the intended question if solicitation effects of fundraising or measurement error of the income sources are not taken into account. Applying a fixed effect poisson model, we demonstrate that under certain assumptions the results can have a meaningful interpretation.

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Bittschi, Benjamin ; Borgloh, Sarah ; Moessinger, Marc-Daniel (2016) On tax evasion, entrepreneurial generosity and fungible assets. Open Access ZEW Discussion Papers Mannheim 16-024 [Working paper]
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