On the distribution of wealth and employment

Yum, Minchul

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URL: https://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/44432
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-444320
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2018
The title of a journal, publication series: Working Paper Series
Volume: 18-03
Place of publication: Mannheim
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Law and Economics > Quantitative Makroökonomik (Juniorprofessur) (Yum 2015-2022)
MADOC publication series: Department of Economics > Working Paper Series
Subject: 330 Economics
Classification: JEL: E24 , E21 , J22,
Keywords (English): Wealth distribution , employment , government transfers , capital income taxation , aggregate labor supply elasticity
Abstract: In the United States, the employment rate is nearly flat across wealth quintiles with the exception of the first quintile. Correlations between wealth and employment are close to zero or moderately positive. However, incomplete markets models with a standard utility function counterfactually generate a strongly negative relationship between wealth and employment. Using a fairly standard incomplete markets model calibrated to match the distribution of wealth, I find that government transfers and capital income taxation increase the (non-targeted) correlations between wealth and employment substantially, bringing the model closer to the data. As the model`s fit with the distribution of wealth and employment improves, I find that the precautionary motive of labor supply is mitigated, thereby raising aggregate labor supply elasticities substantially.

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