Essays in international trade


Conteduca, Francesco Paolo


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URL: https://madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/46142
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-461429
Document Type: Doctoral dissertation
Year of publication: 2018
Place of publication: Mannheim
University: Universität Mannheim
Evaluator: Nocke, Volker
Date of oral examination: 13 July 2018
Publication language: English
Institution: Außerfakultäre Einrichtungen > Graduate School of Economic and Social Sciences - CDSE (Economics)
School of Law and Economics > VWL, Mikroökonomik (Nocke)
Subject: 330 Economics
Subject headings (SWD): Außenhandel , Direktinvestition
Keywords (English): FDI, Multinational Enterprise, Demand Risk, Risk Aversion, Mergers, Greenfield Investment
Abstract: Firm heterogeneity is crucial in determining firm-level decisions and, consequently, shaping the aggregate trade flows. Several studies have focused on this aspect, starting from the workhorse model of Melitz (2003). The fundamental insight of this literature is that firms are different along several dimensions (e.g. size and productivity). This difference necessarily reflects into their participation in the international markets; in particular, firms that are productive enough can select into exporting activity. Among those, only a narrow subset of them can afford the costs associated with the multinational activity. The dissertation builds upon the economic framework featuring heterogeneous firms and proposes two empirical self-containing contributions. In particular, the first chapter provides empirical evidence that multinational firms conducting horizontal FDI operate as risk averse agents. The second chapter analyzes the effects of the risk associated with quality perception in foreign markets on the entry mode selected by MNEs operating in the service sector. For both analyses, we rely on the development and estimation of structural models which allow us to run counterfactual analysis and evaluate the effects of policy changes.

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