Unemployment and reemployment effects on locus of control and health

Büngeler, Claudia ; Biemann, Torsten

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5465/AMBPP.2018.14974abstract
URL: https://journals.aom.org/doi/10.5465/AMBPP.2018.14...
Additional URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/326278280...
Document Type: Conference or workshop publication
Year of publication: 2018
The title of a journal, publication series: Annual Meeting Proceedings / Academy of Management
Volume: 2018
Page range: 14974
Conference title: Academy of Management 2018 Annual Meeting
Location of the conference venue: Chicago, IL
Date of the conference: 10.-14.08.2018
Place of publication: Chicago, IL
Publishing house: Academy of Management
ISSN: 0065-0668 , 2151-6561
Publication language: English
Institution: Business School > ABWL, Personalmanagement u. Führung (Biemann 2013-)
Subject: 330 Economics
Abstract: While unemployment compromises wellbeing and health, reemployment can mitigate some of its negative effects. Yet, we lack understanding of the underlying mechanism through which these unemployment and reemployment effects occur. In the present study, we integrate models of unemployment, stress, and trait variability to argue that changes in locus of control play a crucial role in explaining health following unemployment and reemployment. Applying propensity score matching to a longitudinal sample of 7,908 individuals from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) reveals that unemployment predicts lower internal locus of control which in turn relates to poorer subjective health. Subgroup analyses show that the decline in internal control beliefs only occurs for involuntary (as compared with voluntary) unemployment. Reemployment reverses this negative effect on health through restoring internal control beliefs. Concluding, our study adds to the extant literature as it uncovers why health changes occur after job loss and job gain.

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.

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