Does female empowerment promote economic development?


Doepke, Matthias ; Tertilt, Michèle



DOI: https://doi.org/10.3386/w19888
URL: https://www.nber.org/papers/w19888
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2014
The title of a journal, publication series: NBER Working Paper
Volume: 19888
Place of publication: Cambridge, MA
Edition: Revised version 2019
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Law and Economics > VWL, Makro- u. Entwicklungsökonomie (Tertilt 2010-)
MADOC publication series: Department of Economics > Working Paper Series
Subject: 330 Economics
Abstract: Empirical evidence suggests that money in the hands of mothers (as opposed to fathers) increases expenditures on children. Does this imply that targeting transfers to women promotes economic development? Not necessarily. We consider a noncooperative model of the household where a gender wage gap leads to endogenous household specialization. As a result, women indeed spend more on children and invest more in human capital. Yet, depending on the nature of the production function, targeting transfers to womenmay be beneficial or harmful to growth. Transfers to women are more likely to be beneficial when human capital, rather than physical capital or land, is the most important factor of production. We provide empirical evidence supportive of our mechanism: In Mexican PROGRESA data, transfers to women lead to an increase in spending on children, but a decline in the savings rate.

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.




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Doepke, Matthias ; Tertilt, Michèle (2014) Does female empowerment promote economic development? NBER Working Paper Cambridge, MA 19888 [Working paper]


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