Refugees welcome? Understanding the regional heterogeneity of anti-foreigner hate crimes in Germany


Entorf, Horst ; Lange, Martin


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URL: https://madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/51269
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-512699
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2019
The title of a journal, publication series: ZEW Discussion Papers
Volume: 19-005
Place of publication: Mannheim
Publication language: English
Institution: Sonstige Einrichtungen > ZEW - Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen des ZEW (Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) > ZEW Discussion Papers
Subject: 330 Economics
Classification: JEL: J15 , R23 , K42,
Keywords (English): Hate crime , immigration , natural experiment , regional conditions
Abstract: In this article, we examine anti-foreigner hate crime in the wake of the large influx of asylum seekers to Germany in 2014 and 2015. By exploiting the quasi-experimental assignment of asylum seekers to German regions, we estimate the causal effect of an unexpected and sudden change in the share of the foreign-born population on anti-foreigner hate crime. Our county-level analysis shows that not simply the size of regional asylum seeker inflows drives the increase in hate crime, but the rapid compositional change of the residential population: Areas with previously low shares of foreign-born inhabitants that face large-scale immigration of asylum seekers witness the strongest upsurge in hate crime. Economically deprived regions and regions with a legacy of anti-foreigner hate crimes are also found to be prone to hate crime against refugees. However, when we explicitly control for East–West German differences, the predominance of native-born residents at the local level stands out as the single most important factor explaining the sudden increase in hate crime.

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Entorf, Horst ; Lange, Martin (2019) Refugees welcome? Understanding the regional heterogeneity of anti-foreigner hate crimes in Germany. Open Access ZEW Discussion Papers Mannheim 19-005 [Working paper]
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