Froebel's gifts: How the kindergarten movement changed the American family

Ager, Philipp ; Cinnirella, Francesco

Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2021
The title of a journal, publication series: Discussion Papers / CEPR
Volume: 15146
Place of publication: London
Publishing house: Centre for Economic Policy Research
ISSN: 0265-8003
Edition: (v. 2) = Revision 10 June 2021
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Law and Economics > Angewandte Makroökonomik (Ager 2021-)
Subject: 330 Economics
Classification: JEL: I25 , J13 , N31 , O15,
Keywords (English): child labor , fertility transition , kindergarten education , quantity-quality trade-off , school attendance
Abstract: Nineteenth-century social reformers promoted the establishment of kindergartens as a remedy for the problems associated with industrialization and immigration. We evaluate the impact that the roll-out of the first kindergartens in American cities had on mothers and their children. Consistent with the predictions of a quantity-quality trade-off model, immigrant families exposed to kindergartens significantly reduced fertility. Their offspring at age 10-15 were more likely to attend school, they worked less, and as adults, they had fewer children. We also unveil positive language spillover effects of kindergarten education on immigrant mothers illustrating the importance of kindergartens for social integration.

Dieser Datensatz wurde nicht während einer Tätigkeit an der Universität Mannheim veröffentlicht, dies ist eine Externe Publikation.

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