The tax attractiveness of EU locations for corporate investments: A stocktaking of past developments and recent reforms


Gundert, Hannah ; Nicolay, Katharina ; Steinbrenner, Daniela ; Wickel, Sophia


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URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-666115
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2023
The title of a journal, publication series: ZEW Discussion Papers
Volume: 23-066
Place of publication: Mannheim
Publication language: English
Institution: Business School > Sonstige - Fakultät für Betriebswirtschaftslehre
Sonstige Einrichtungen > ZEW - Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung
Business School > Betriebswirtschaftliche Steuerlehre, insb. Unternehmensbesteuerung (Juniorprofessur) (Nicolay 2016-)
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen des ZEW (Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) > ZEW Discussion Papers
Subject: 330 Economics
Classification: JEL: F21 , F23 , H25 , K34,
Keywords (English): Mannheim Tax Index , effective tax rates , Devereux-Griffith methodology , global minimum tax , tax incentives , investment , location attractiveness
Abstract: Tax incentives are a key component of governments’ investment policy mix as they directly impact companies’ tax burden. In this paper, we illustrate the EU’s tax attractiveness as investment location over time in terms of effective average tax rates and evaluate potential tax reform options. Our quantitative assessment of recent tax policies suggests that corporate tax rate cuts, notional interest deductions and R&D incentives reduce the effective average tax rate significantly. However, we argue that targeted measures such as accelerated depreciations and R&D incentives are most suitable for creating an attractive tax environment for business investments, especially in the context of the global minimum tax




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