Explaining the persisting mathematics test score gap between boys and girls

Sprietsma, Maresa

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URL: http://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/3101
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-31018
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2010
The title of a journal, publication series: None
Publication language: English
Institution: Sonstige Einrichtungen > ZEW - Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen des ZEW (Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) > ZEW Discussion Papers
Subject: 370 Education
Classification: JEL: I28 ,
Subject headings (SWD): Deutschland , Bildungsniveau , Schulmathematik , Geschlecht , Lehrer , Persönlichkeitspsychologie , Lernpsychologie , Schätzung
Keywords (English): mathematics test score gap , gender , share of female teachers , self-confidence
Abstract: This paper provides evidence on the sources of the persisting mathematics test score gap between boys and girls. In particular, we investigate the role of the share of female mathematics teachers in secondary school and of pupils self-confidence and extrinsic motivation in mathematics. We find that the share of female mathematics teachers does not seem to affect differences in test scores between boys and girls. The number of books at home as well as the included psychological factors significantly reduce the gender test score gap. A remaining gap of 14% of a standard deviation in test scores is unexplained.
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