Fiscal union in Europe? Redistributive and stabilizing effects of a European tax-benefit system and fiscal equalization mechanism


Bargain, Olivier ; Dolls, Mathias ; Fuest, Clemens ; Neumann, Dirk ; Peichl, Andreas ; Pestel, Nico ; Siegloch, Sebastian



URL: http://eureka.sbs.ox.ac.uk/4392/1/WP1222.pdf
Additional URL: https://ideas.repec.org/p/btx/wpaper/1222.html
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2012
The title of a journal, publication series: Working Paper / Oxford University Centre for Business Taxation Said Business School
Volume: 12/22
Place of publication: Oxford
Related URLs: http://eureka.sbs.ox.ac.uk/id/eprint/4392
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Law and Economics > VWL, Quantitative Finanzwissenschaft (Peichl 2013-2017)
School of Law and Economics > VWL, Soziale Sicherung (Siegloch 2018-)
Subject: 330 Economics
Classification: JEL: H2 , H3 , J22,
Keywords (English): European income tax , automatic stabilisation , fiscal union
Abstract: The current debt crisis has given rise to a debate about deeper fiscal integration in Europe. The view is widespread that moving towards a ‘fiscal union’ would have a stabilising effect in the event of macroeconomic shocks. In this paper we study the economic effects of introducing two elements of a fiscal union: Firstly, an EU-wide tax and transfer system and secondly, an EU-wide system of fiscal equalisation. Using the European tax-benefit calculator EUROMOD, we exploit representative household micro data from 11 Eurozone countries to simulate these policy reforms and to study their effects on the distribution of income as well as their impact on automatic fiscal stabilisers. We find that replacing one third of the national tax and transfer systems by a European system would lead to significant redistributive effects both within and across countries. These effects depend on income levels and the structures of the existing national tax and transfer systems. The EU system would improve fiscal stabilisation especially in credit constrained countries. It would absorb between 10 and 15 per cent of a macroeconomic income shock. Introducing a fiscal equalisation system based on taxing capacity would redistribute revenues from high to low income countries. The stabilisation properties of this system, however, are ambiguous. This suggests that not all forms of fiscal integration will improve macroeconomic stability in the Eurozone.

Dieser Datensatz wurde nicht während einer Tätigkeit an der Universität Mannheim veröffentlicht, dies ist eine Externe Publikation.




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Bargain, Olivier ; Dolls, Mathias ; Fuest, Clemens ; Neumann, Dirk ; Peichl, Andreas ; Pestel, Nico ; Siegloch, Sebastian (2012) Fiscal union in Europe? Redistributive and stabilizing effects of a European tax-benefit system and fiscal equalization mechanism. Working Paper / Oxford University Centre for Business Taxation Said Business School Oxford 12/22 [Working paper]


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