Essays in labor and public economics

Camarero Garcia, Sebastian

Dissertation-Sebastian_CamareroGarcia-2020-final-library2.pdf - Published

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URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-550383
Document Type: Doctoral dissertation
Year of publication: 2020
Place of publication: Mannheim
University: Universität Mannheim
Evaluator: Peichl, Andreas
Date of oral examination: 11 May 2020
Publication language: English
Institution: Sonstige Einrichtungen > ZEW - Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung
Außerfakultäre Einrichtungen > Graduate School of Economic and Social Sciences - CDSE (Economics)
Subject: 320 Political science
330 Economics
370 Education
Subject headings (SWD): Wirtschaftspolitik , Arbeitsmarkt , Schulreform
Keywords (English): Labor Economics , Public Economics , Unemployment Insurance , Inequality of Opportunity , Learning Intensity , Labor Market
Abstract: This doctoral thesis contains three essays on labor and public economics with a focus on investigating the effects of labor market policies on entrepreneurship and public policies on inequality of opportunity. In particular, it analyzes the role of both policy variables of the unemployment insurance (UI), the potential UI benefit duration (i.e. how long an individual is eligible to receive benefits) and the level of UI benefits (i.e. how much support one gets during unemployment), on self-employment. Moreover, this dissertation investigates the role of learning intensity on Inequality of Educational Opportunity (IEOp). Thereby, the reader should note that the three chapters of this dissertation can be read independently. The findings of Chapter 1 and 2 are based on administrative data from Germany and Spain, and thus policy conclusions are of interest at least for countries with similar European labor market institutions. The results should motivate empirical work for other countries and further theoretical work with respect to the potential welfare considerations (e.g. the optimal design of social insurance considering self-employment, etc.). Chapter 3 shows that learning intensity is an important aspect in human capital formation that can explain changes in educational opportunities, and thus ultimately impact social mobility. This should be considered when thinking about how best to design schooling to reconcile efficiency and equity considerations.

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