The voting premium

Levit, Doron ; Malenko, Nadya ; Maug, Ernst

Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2021
The title of a journal, publication series: ECGI Working Paper Series in Finance
Volume: 720/2021
Place of publication: Brussels
Publishing house: European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI)
Publication language: English
Institution: Business School > ABWL u. Corporate Finance (Maug 2006-)
Subject: 330 Economics
650 Management
Classification: JEL: D74 , D82 , D83 , G34 , K22,
Keywords (English): Voting , trading , voting premium , blockholders , ownership structure , shareholder rights , corporate governance
Abstract: This paper develops a unified theory of blockholder governance and the voting premium. It explains how and why a voting premium emerges in the absence of takeovers and controlling shareholders. The model features a minority blockhold- er and dispersed shareholders who trade shares in a competitive market. Those who own shares after trading vote on a proposal at a shareholder meeting. A vot- ing premium can emerge in equilibrium from the blockholderís desire to influence who exercises control, rather than from exercising control himself. We show that the voting premium is unrelated to measures of voting power and that empirical measures of the voting premium generally do not reflect the economic value of voting rights. Consistent with recent empirical studies, the model can generate a negligible voting premium even when the allocation of voting rights is important. The model can also explain a negative voting premium, which has been docu- mented in several studies. It arises because of free-riding by dispersed share- holders on the blockholder’s trades. Finally, the model has novel implications for the liquidity of voting vs. non-voting shares, the relationship between the voting premium and the price of a vote, competition for control among blockholders, the block premium, and corporate influence more generally.

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.

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