Epidemic effects in the diffusion of emerging digital technologies: evidence from artificial intelligence adoption

Dahlke, Johannes ; Beck, Mathias ; Kinne, Jan ; Lenz, David ; Dehghan, Robert ; Wörter, Martin ; Ebersberger, Bernd

[img] PDF
1-s2.0-S0048733323002019-main.pdf - Published

Download (7MB)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2023.104917
URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/...
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-663355
Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2024
The title of a journal, publication series: Research Policy
Volume: 53
Issue number: 2, Article 104917
Page range: 1-24
Place of publication: Amsterdam [u.a.]
Publishing house: Elsevier
ISSN: 0048-7333 , 1873-7625
Publication language: English
Institution: Außerfakultäre Einrichtungen > Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (ifm)
Business School > Mittelstandsforschung u. Entrepreneurship (Woywode 2007-)
Pre-existing license: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Subject: 330 Economics
Abstract: The properties of emerging, digital, general-purpose technologies make it hard to observe their adoption by firms and identify the salient determinants of adoption. However, these aspects are critical since the patterns related to early-stage diffusion establish path-dependencies which have implications for the distribution of the technological opportunities and socio-economic returns linked to these technologies. We focus on the case of artificial intelligence (AI) and train a transformer language model to identify firm-level AI adoption using textual data from over 1.1 million websites and constructing a hyperlink network that includes >380,000 firms in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. We use these data to expand and test epidemic models of inter-firm technology diffusion by integrating the concepts of social capital and network embeddedness. We find that AI adoption is related to three epidemic effect mechanisms: 1) Indirect co-location in industrial and regional hot-spots associated to production of AI knowledge; 2) Direct exposure to sources transmitting deep AI knowledge; 3) Relational embeddedness in the AI knowledge network. The pattern of adoption identified is highly clustered and features a rather closed system of AI adopters which is likely to hinder its broader diffusion. This has implications for policy which should facilitate diffusion beyond localized clusters of expertise. Our findings also point to the need to employ a systemic perspective to investigate the relation between AI adoption and firm performance to identify whether appropriation of the benefits of AI depends on network position and social capital.

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.

Das Dokument wird vom Publikationsserver der Universitätsbibliothek Mannheim bereitgestellt.

Metadata export


+ Search Authors in

+ Download Statistics

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

You have found an error? Please let us know about your desired correction here: E-Mail

Actions (login required)

Show item Show item