Differences in perception - How deviations in quality perception of trainees and trainers affect dropout in VET

Krötz, Maximilian ; Deutscher, Viola

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URL: https://madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/55595
Additional URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.12515342
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-555955
Document Type: Conference or workshop publication
Year of publication: 2020
Book title: Professional learning & development: From innovative research to innovative interventions. Book of abstracts of the EARLI SIG14 2020 Conference.
Page range: 71
Conference title: EARLI SIG14 2020 (conference canceled)
Location of the conference venue: Barcelona, Spain
Date of the conference: canceled
Publisher: París, Georgina
Place of publication: Barcelona
Publishing house: Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona
Publication language: English
Institution: Business School > Wirtschaftspädagogik, insbes. Ausbildungsqualität und Kompetenzentwicklung (Deutscher 2016-)
Pre-existing license: Creative Commons Attribution, Non-Commercial, Share Alike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)
Subject: 330 Economics
370 Education
Individual keywords (German): duale Ausbildung , Ausbildungsqualität , Ausbildungsabbrüche , Betriebliche Ausbildung
Keywords (English): VET , training quality , multi-perspective , differences , dropout
Abstract: The dual system of vocational education and training (VET) and its quality currently receive broad scientific attention due to high dropout rates and political efforts to increase participation in the system (Le Mouillour 2017; 2018). However, it is still controversial how and from which perception quality should be measured and how training quality affects dropout. Empirical studies mostly target quality perceptions by trainees or by trainers separately. The extent to which output factors like dropout-rates are influenced by varying perceptions of quality between both concerned parties is previously unobserved. The object of this study is to present a novel bilateral approach to training quality. Therefore, the effects of deviations in the perception of quality between trainees and trainers (incongruences) from the same company on dropout intention are examined. For this purpose, an online survey involving 311 commercial trainees and training officers from 30 companies was conducted. A framework model of workplace learning (Tynjälä 2013) and a respective short questionnaire “VET-LQI” (Böhn & Deutscher, in print) served as a research basis. Responses from trainees were matched to their trainers in order to determine possible deviations for every item and scale. Subsequently, 15 input- and process-quality factors of divergence could be used as independent variables in multiple regression analyses. The results show that differences in perception of quality not only have a significant effect on dropout intentions, but also explain dropout intentions more extensively than the conventional method of mere quality perceptions by trainees.
Translation of the title: Wahrnehmungsunterschiede - Wie sich Unterschiede in der Qualitätswahrnehmung von Auszubildenden und Ausbildern auf Abbrüche in der Berufsbildung auswirken (German)

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